Baja California Sur
Upon the arrival of the Spaniards to the Sudcalifornian territory, the indigenous groups that populated the state territory were the Pericú, Cochimí, Guaycura and Monqui.
The first European to set foot on Sudcalifornian soil was Fortín Jiménez, who was killed when he confronted the natives. A year later, on May 3, 1535, Hernán Cortés disembarked in the bay of La Paz, today the capital of Baja California Sur, which he named "Puerto y Valle de la Santa Cruz" (Port and Valley of the Holy Cross).
The colonization period began during the 17th century and ended with Mexico's Independence.
In 1952 the Northern Territory became State 28 with the name of Baja California.
Finally, on October 8, 1974 the decree was published by which the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California Sur was created and integrated to the Federation with the same territorial extension and corresponding limits.
Regarding the colonial period, the information we have about the development of the dance is very brief.
The Mexican Revolution of 1910 helped the transfer of many families to peaceful places where they could take refuge from the horrors of the war, which was the case of our state due to its geographic isolation; which caused the customs of these newly arrived families to be transmitted to the local families.
In a special way the Frenchified dances of the time, which adopted their own flavor and that will be identified soon after as "baile norteño", which is enriched with polkas, chotises and redovas, mainly; all of them composed by popular musicians and which motivated the people to give free rein to their inspiration and enrich this new folklore that spread throughout the north of our country.
Baja California Sur also participates in the musical movement of northern rhythms.